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Category Archives: Enlightened Masters of the past

Siva Prakasar

Siva Prakasar (also Ṣiva Prakāṣa or sometimes Ṣiva-prakāṣa Dēṣikar), was a tamil ( துறைமங்கலம் சிவப்பிரகாசர், கற்பனைக்களஞ்சியம் ) poet and philosopher lived during the late 17th and early 18th centuries. He was also called as ‘Thurai mangalam Sivaprakasar’ , ‘Karpanai Kalangiyam’ , ‘Sivanuputhi chelvar’. He had contributed more than Thirty four Thamizh books for the Thamizh Literature. And also well known for translating early kannada works into the Tamil language. and for creating his own poetry.


Siva prakasar, the real poet who was blessed as ‘Sivanuputhichelvar’ by the grace of God. He is acclaimed as ‘Karpanai Kalangiyam’ by renowned scholars of Tamil – speaking world. He compiled ” Neerotta Yamaha Anthathi ” to defeat an arrogant Poet. Those Venpa verses will not make both lips to touch. And also written ” Yesu matha niragaranam ” (The Refuting the Religion of Jesus).
Family background

Sivaprakasar was born in a town called Kanchipuram in Thondaimandalam in Tamil Nadu, South India into an orthodox Saiva Tamil (Desikar) family around the middle of the 17th Century. Sivaprakasar’s father was a respected spiritual leader. His father Kumara swamy Desikar was the archaka and Dikshithar for the People of Thondai mandalam. His father left his family and gone to Thiruvannamalai with his disciples. There he planned to become a Sage. But it failed. God made him to get married. Kumara Swamy Desikar got three sons and a daughter. Siva prakasar was the first child. And his siblings were Karunai prakasar, Velaiyar and Gnambikai ammal.

His sister Gnambikai married Perur Santhalinga swamigal.After sometime, Perur Santhalinga Swamigal became Tabasi and sent away Gnambikai to her brother. There were no children for them.

Karunai prakasar married Kamathci . And he wrote more than five books in Tamil. Seegalathi sarukkam, Ishtalinga Agaval. He demised at the age of Eighteen at Thiruvengai. So, There were no children for Karunai prakasar.

Velaiyar married Meenatchi Ammal. He got a son named Sundaresanar. Velaiyar wrote more than seven books. Mayilathula, Nallur puranam, Mayilai thirattai mani maalai, Ishta linga kaithala maalai, Kumbakona Sarangathevar history as Veera singhathana puranam, Gugai Namachivaya Desikar history as Namchivaya leelai and Krisnanan history as Paarijatha leelai. And attain mukthi motcha at Perumathur at the age of seventy two.

Sundaresanar married Karpagammal. He settled down his family in Valavanur. They got a son named Swaminatha Desikar. Swaminatha Desikar converted himself to Christianity, changed his name as Susai and married Gnasounthari.

To learn Tamil Grammar, Siva prakasar along with his brothers Karunai prakasar, Velaiyar went to Thirunelveli and found Valliyur Thambiran as their master. This teacher accepted him as his student after Sivaprakasa Swamigal had demonstrated his exceptional proficiency in this subject. The pandit taught him everything he knew, but when Sivaprakasa Swamigal tried to pay for his tuition fees, he refused, saying that he would like to have the payment in a different sort. This pandit had been having a bitter feud with another scholar. Sivaprakasa Swamigal’s teacher said, ‘Go to this man, defeat him in a contest of Tamil prosody, and as a condition of his defeat, make him prostrate to me’. Sivaprakasa Swamigal accepted the assignment, located the rival scholar, and challenged him to compose spontaneous verses, on a specified topic that they would both pick, that had no labial sounds in them. That is to say, the verses had to be composed without any letters such as ‘m’ and ‘p’, which are sounded by putting the lips together. The scholar was unable to compose even a single verse with this restriction, whereas Sivaprakasa Swamigal managed to produce thirty-one venpas on the prescribed theme. The rival scholar accepted defeat and went to prostrate before Sivaprakasa Swamigal’s grammar teacher. To defeat the arrogant Poets he sang ” Tiruchendur Neerotta YamahaAnthathi “
The Journey to Pommair palayam

Sivaprakasa Swamigal travelled widely all over Tamil Nadu. Peraiyur Santhalinga Swamigal met him along his way. They planned to visit Mailam Murugan Temple. There they met Sivagnaana Balaya Swamigal. Siva prakasa Swamigal became the First and Prime disciple of Sivagnaana Balaya Swamigal.

Great poet Sivaprakasar, who was blessed as ‘Sivanuputhichelvar’ by the grace of Aadhi Sivagnaana Balaya Swamigal has composed thirty two volumes of poetry in praise of Lord Shiva and Sri Sivagnana Balaya Swamigal.In the following five works of significance, he explains us the wisdom of his guru, which he had experienced personally.
Thurai mangalam

Then he went to Thurai mangalam stayed along with Annamalai reddiyar, a donor and devotee of Saiva Siddantha. He started a mutt in so many places particularly in Thuraimangalam nearby Vaali kandapuram. He worshipped Virudhachalam Pazhamalai nathar Temple.
Final years

He attain mukthi motcha in Nallathur near by Pondicherry, while he was thirty two.
sivaprakasa swamigal jeeva samadhi temple
Contribution to Thamizh literature
Translation works

Prabhulinga Leelai is a 15th-century Virasaiva work, written in Kannada and comprising 1,111 verses. It was originally composed when a Virasaiva scholar, Camarasa, was challenged to produce a work that was greater than either the Mahabharata or the Ramayana Shortly afterwards Camarasa had a dream in which Virabhadra, the son of Siva, asked him to write a long poem Camarasa subsequently composed Prabhulinga Leelai in eleven days, after which he presented it at the court of his king, where it was approved by both the monarch and the scholars who had challenged him. This Kannada work was translated into Tamil verse by Sivaprakasa Swamigal as “Prabhulinga Leelai”.
Few Samples of his Poems

These verses are from his “Nanneri” poem . Particularly this poem verses were written by Sivaprakasa Swamigal as a marriage gift to his sibling’s .

1. நன்னெறி

6 . தம்பதிகள் ஒற்றுமை

காதல் மனையாளும் காதலும் மாறின்றித்

தீதில் ஓருகருமம் செய்பவே – ஓதுகலை

எண்ணிரண்டும் ஒன்றுமதி என்முகத்தாய் நோக்கல்தான்

கண்ணிரண்டும் ஒன்றையே காண்.

பொருள் விளக்கம்:-

பதினாறு கலைகள் நிரம்பிய முழு மதி போல் முகத்தை உடையவளே, ஒரு விஷயத்தை இரண்டு கண்களும் தான் நோக்குகின்றது, ஆனால் பார்வை ஒன்று தான். அது போல் கணவனும், அன்பு மனைவியும் இரண்டு நபர்கள். ஆனாலும் சிந்தனையில், செயலில் ஒத்து இருந்தால் சிறந்த பலன்கள் பெறுவார்கள்.

In English:-

6.United couples

The loving wife and her devoted husband

should always act with the same aim in life.

For, the two eyes in a face though separate

both see only one object at the same time.

2.”Naalvar Naan Mani Maalai” – 18th verses.

நால்வர் நான்மணி மாலை

18 அப்பர் (கலித்துறை):

பாட்டால் மறைபுக ழும்பிறை சூடியைப் பாடிமகிழ்

ஊட்டா மகிழ்சொல் லிறைவனைப் பாடி உவப்புறுக்க

வேட்டால் மலிபெருங் கல்லவன்போல மிதப்பனெனப்

பூட்டா மறிதிரை வார்கடற் கேவிழப் போதுவனே
Tamil Works

Siva Prakasar’s Literary works include:

Tiruchendil Neerotta Yamaha Anthathi
Thiruvengai Kalambagam
Thiruvengai Kovai
Thriuvengai Ula
Thiruvengai Alangaram
Thirukoova Puranam
Seekalathi Puranam
Periyanayaki Ammai Nedunkazhi nedilasiriya virutham
Periyanayaki Ammai Kalithurai
Naalvar Naan Mani Maalai
Ittalinga Maalai
kaithala Maalai
Niranjana Maalai
Sathamani Maalai
Sona Saila Maalai
Pitchadana Nava Mani Maalai
Siva Nama Mahimai
Kurunkazhi Nedil
Nedunkazhi Nedil
Sidhantha Sigamani
Vendantha Soodamani
Pazhamalai Anthathi
Thala Venpa
Kocha Kalippa
Tharukka Pari Bashai
Prabhu Linga Leelai (Translated from Kannada)
Yesu Matha Niragaranam (The Refuting the Religion of Jesus)

Books about Sivagna Bala Swamigal, Pommapura Aadeenam

Sivaprakasa Visagam
Sivagna Bala swamigal Thaalattu
Sivagna Bala swamigal Thirupalli ezuchi
Sivagna Bala swamigal Pillai Thamizh
Sivagna Bala swamigal Nenjuvedu Thoothu
Sivagna Bala swamigal Kalambagam

Sri Vidya Raja Rajeshwari Temple, Nanganallur ago, His Holiness Sri Chandra Sekharendra Saraswathi – praised as Maha Periaval by the devotees was on a pilgrimage to Parangimalai for Lord Nandikeswara darshan. He also visited Trisulam to worship Lord Trisula Nathar and Mother Tripura Sundari and proceeded through Pazhavanthangal, the place where the temple now exists. He relaxed there under a tree. Disciples relaxed in a nearby place.


Periaval was thirsty and called a disciple to get him water. But his words did not reach the disciple’s ears. Soon, a little girl appeared before him and offered water. When Periaval turned to return the water bowl to the girl, She was not there. When Periaval asked the disciples if they saw a little girl in the place, they replied in the negative.


Periaval sat in meditation for a while and found that the Little Girl was but Mother Sri Rajarajeswari. He called the elders and the people of the place and told them that Ambica was some where under the ground in the place and asked them to find it out. He continued his pilgrimage.


The people of the place dug the place and found the idols of Mother as a little girl and Chandikeswari and informed Sri Jagadguru. Sri Periaval advised the people to install the idols and begin Sri Srividya Raja Rajeswari worship.


Location: Sri Srividya Raja Rajeswari temple, Nehru Colony, Pazhavanthangal, Chennai.


Avudai Akkal – பரமே அகமென்றி ருந்தாலும் பிராரப்தம் பட்டா லொழிய விடுமோ

பரமே அகமென்றி ருந்தாலும் பிராரப்தம் பட்டா லொழிய விடுமோ

paramay agam endru irunthaalum praapdham pattal ozhiya vidumoa

Even if I abide as that (Supreme being) is it possible to get relieved from the Prarbdha (portion of Karma (action) that determines the present life situation)? 

ஜீவன் முக்தி யடைந்தி ருந்தாலும் தேகம் போகும் தனையும் கர்மம் புசித்தன்றோ கழியும்

jeevan mukthi adainthu irunthaalum thegam pogum thanaiyum karmam pusithu androa kazhiyum

Even if this jeeva gets liberated, the karma will continue to exhaust itself until this body dies away

உதித்து பிரதி தினமு மொழியவில்லை இரவிக்கு ஜனித்து மகா விஷ் ணு திரிகிறார் கலங்கி

uthithu pirathi thinmum ozhiyavillai iravikku janithu maha vishnu thirigiraar kalangi

The sun continues to rise every day.  Maha Vishnu has to take birth and undergoes turmoil during his several divine incarnations. 

பசிக்கு பிச்சை எடுத்து பர யீசர் மயங்கினார்

pasikku pichai eduthu para eesar mayanginaar

Shiva had went begging (Bhikshatana-murti)

பிரசித்தம் கர்மானுபவம் பிரகாசமாய் துடங்கி

prasiththam karmaa anubhavam pragaasamaai thudangi

The experience of karma is so popular, it begins splendidly

சாது ஜனங்களோடு சகவாசம் தினமும்

sadhu janangaloadu sagavaasam thinamum

Daily association with the spiritual wise

சர்வ காலமும் சித்தில் சர்வதா அறிவும்

sarva kaalumum siththil sarvathaa arivum

The attention is on the reality (Consciousness, Self) at all times and all places

பிரபஞ்சம் மித்தியை என்று பிரதி தின மொழியும்

brabanjam miththyai endru pirathi thina mozhiyum

Uttering daily that this world is illusion

பரம குரு பாதம் பக்தி யுடன் நினைவும்

parma guru paatham bakthiyudan ninaivum

Fixing the mind at the feet of Supreme Guru with devotion

காம குரோதங்களற்று கலக்க மற்றிருந்தாலும்

kaama krodhangalatrtru kalakka mattru irunthalum

Without getting caught in bewilderment due to the absence of desire and anger

ஸ்ரீமத் குரு வெங்கடேசர் தயவுயிருந்தாலும்

srimath guru venkataesar thayavu irunthaalum

Even with the grace of His Holiness Guru Venkatesar

கண்டது அனித்திய மென்று களித்திருந்தாலும்

kandathu aniththiyam endru kalithu irunthalum

Even while rejoicing that this world is temporal

அகண்ட சாம்ராஜ்யம் தன்னி லமிழ்ந்தி ருந்தாலும்

aganda saamraajyam thannil amizhnthu irunthaalum

Even while abiding in the boundless Self Empire 


Avudai Akkal – Gurus grace

வாராரோ என்னைப்பாராரோ,

vaaraaroa? ennaippaaraaroa?

Won’t he come?   Won’t he see me?

முக்தி தாராரோ என் ஸ்வாமி

mukthi thaaraaroa?  en swami

Won’t my Lord liberate me?

ஆறாருள்ளம் தன்னில் சேரார்

aaraar ulllam thannil saeraar

He won’t let (me) to associate with the anxious mind

உலகெங்கும் கூறாகியே நின்ற நூறாயிரம் கணங்கள்

ulgu engum kooragiyae nindra nooru aayiram kanangal

The anxious mind perceives the world as multiple parts and as a result I got stranded in miserable time.  Each moment seemed to be hundreds and thousands of moments.

சண்டமாருதம் போலே அண்டம்பொடி தூளாக்கி

sanda marutham poalae andam podi thoolaakki

Like a hurricane he pulverized the world into powdered dust

வண்ட மாயையை அவர் விண்ட விமலபோதர்

vanda maayaiyai avar vinda vimala boadhar

He, the holy awakened person, has separated (me) from the mire illusion

தொண்டர் மனதில் நின்று கண்டபவ மறுத்து

thondar manathil nindru kanda bhavam aruthu

(He) lives in the disciples mind and eradicates the perception of discrete existence

அகண்டானுபவத்தை விண்டே வாக்குகள் கொண்டு

agandaa anubhavaththai vindae vakkugal kondu

Through (his) teachings, enables (the disciple) to experience the boundless expansiveness 

ஸத்து சித்தானந்த அத்வைதியே இவர்

saththu siththu aanandha athvaithiyae ivar

He is the absolute existence, consciousness and bliss and non-dual

ஒருத்தர் எதிரில்லாத வஸ்து இவர்

oruthar ethir illatha vasthu ivar

The one who doesn’t have a second in his experience

என்று பக்தி செய்தவர் ஜீவன் முக்தியடைய

endru bhakthi saithavar jeevan mukthi adaya

The seeker who worships him as described above gets liberated

நல்ல சத்தியமாய் இவர் முக்திஸாதனம் கொண்டு

nalla saththiyamaai ivar mukthisaathanam kondu

He is the absolute truth and the disciple can use him as the means for liberation

ஸத்துசித்தானந்தர் அபரிச்சின்ன அருளினாலே

saththu siththu aanandhar abharichchinna arulinaalae

He is the absolute existence, consciousness and bliss.  With his immense grace

ஈசரே இவர்க்கொரு நாசப்பிறவியில்லை

eesaray ivarkkoru naasap piravi illai

Oh Lord! There is no more dreadful death and birth (for the disciple)

ஈசர் அவர் ஸ்வபிரகாசர் என் குரு

eesar avar svapragaasar en guru

He is the Lord! He is self-illuminated and my Guru

பிரம்ம வெங்கடேசுவரர் இங்கே

brahma venkataesuvarar ingae

He is the Brahman itself,  here He is called by the name Venkatesar

Sridhara Venkatesa Ayyaval Paadham Potri



தீட்டென்று மூன்றுநாள் வீட்டைவிட்டு விலக்கி

நாலாம்நாள் உதயத்தில் நன்றாய் உடல் முழுகி

ஆசாரமாச்சுதென்று ஐந்தாம் நாள் அகத்திலுள்ள

பொருள் தொடுவாய் அகத்தீட்டுபோச்சோ?”

– ஆவுடையக்காள்


– Courtesy:

ஸச்சிதானந்த ஸ்வருபம் தானடா நீ தானடா

ஸச்சிதானந்த ஸ்வருபம் தானடா நீ தானடா

You are THAT absolute existence, consciousness and bliss, You are THAT

ஸம்சயாதி பிரமை போனால் ததாகாரம் நீயடா

When the bewilderment born out of ignorance ceases, you are THAT

உள்ளும் புறமும் நீயடா ஜகத்தொன்று மில்லை பாரடா

You are within and without, look there is no world besides you

நிகில பேத ஸ்தூல சூக்ஷ்ம தேகம் ரஜ்ஜூ ஸர்ப்பம் போலடா

Similar to mistaking the rope to be a snake, the whole is mistaken to be the gross & subtle body.

கல்பித ப்ரபஞ்சமிது கானல் ஜலம் போலடா

This imaginary world is similar to the mirage mistaken for water

காணுமதிஷ்டான மாத்திரம் தானே உற்று பாரடா

Scrutinize (through self-enquiry) and see that there is only awareness (seer behind the vision)  

ஸ்வப்னமாம் மாயைகடந்த ஸ்வஸ்வரூபம்  நீயடா

You are THAT Self beyond this dream of illusion

ஜீவபிராந்தி பிரமை போனால் சிதாகாசம் நீயடா

When the bewilderment of individuality (Jiva) born out of ignorance goes away, you are THAT boundless intelligence

பொய்யும் மெய்யாக தோன்றும் புத்தி கல்பிதமே தானடா

The false appears to be the truth only because of the imagination of perception as the reality

பூரணமாய் நிறைந்த தத்போதமே நீயடா

You are THAT whole, all pervading Self-Consciousness

நிர்குணத்தில் குணமுண்டோ உற்றுணர்ந்து பாரடா

Examine closely (self-enquiry), is there any quality in THAT that has no attributes

நிராம்சத்தில் அம்சமுண்டோ நீ தானே உற்று பாரடா

You scrutinize (self-enquiry) and find is there any parts in THAT that is always whole

மலடி மைந்தன் போல் அவித்யை வந்திருந்து போனதும்

Like the barren child the ignorance arose and disappeared

அஹோ விசித்திரம் நிர்மலத்தில னேக உபாதியானதும் 

Oh! What a surprise, in this pure being, many adjuncts came forth

நிரதி சயானந்த சுகம் பாவனை பண்ண பயின்றதும்

(You) strived to conceptually derive listless pleasurable joy

அதை யனுபவித்து பார்க்கும் போது அகம் பதமென்றறிந்ததும்

But, when experiencing that joy, recognized that the joy is within (in the Self)

அக்ஷய அகண்ட ஸுகானந்த ஸ்வருபமே

(Your) essence is Imperishable boundless blissfulness

ஆசை காமக்ரோதலோப மற்றதே உன் தேகமே

You are devoid of desire, lust, anger and greed (it is insentient, but the ego identifies with the body and gets these qualities)

திரிபுடி மூன்று மற்று போனால் தேசிகர் தன் பாதமே

When those three triads (knower, the act of knowing and the object known) cease to be, (you) will be in Guru’s feet

ஸ்ரீமத்குரு வெங்கடேசர் சின்மய ஸ்வருபமே

(Your) essence is the embodiment of pure knowledge, the Guru, His holiness Venkatesar

Aavudai Akkal songs


pure devotional service is guareented , and at the end he will come back to me (KRISHNA)

For one who explains this supreme secret to the devotees ,PURE DEVOTIONAL SERVICE IS GUAREENTED , AND AT THE END HE WILL COME BACK TO ME .  BAGAVAD GITA CHAPTER 18 , VERSE 68 .    11258271_1736320963262301_7357354128344076595_n

Advice from Atisha’s Heart

Advice from Atisha’s Heart

“How wonderful! Friends, since you already have great knowledge and clear understanding, whereas I am of no importance and have little wisdom, it is not suitable for you to request advice from me. However because you dear friends, whom I cherish from my heart, have requested me, I shall give you this essential advice from my inferior and childish mind. Friends, until you attain enlightenment the Spiritual Teacher is indispensable, therefore rely upon the holy Spiritual Guide. Until you realize ultimate truth, listening is indispensable, therefore listen to the instructions of the Spiritual Guide. Since you cannot become a Buddha merely by understanding Dharma, practice earnestly with understanding. Avoid places that disturb your mind, and always remain where your virtues increase. Until you attain stable realizations, worldly amusements are harmful, therefore abide in a place where there are no such distractions. Avoid friends who cause you to increase delusions, and rely upon those who increase your virtue. This you should take to heart. Since there is never a time when worldly activities come to an end, limit your activities. Dedicate your virtues throughout the day and the night, and always watch your mind. Because you have received advice, whenever you are not meditating always practice in accordance with what your Spiritual Guide says. If you practice with great devotion, results will arise immediately, without your having to wait for a long time. If from your heart you practice in accordance with Dharma, both food and resources will come naturally to hand. Friends, the things you desire give no more satisfaction than drinking sea water, therefore practice contentment. Avoid all haughty, conceited, proud, and arrogant minds, and remain peaceful and subdued. Avoid activities that are said to be meritorious, but which in fact are obstacles to Dharma.Profit and respect are nooses of the maras, so brush them aside like stones on the path.Words of praise and fame serve only to beguile us, therefore blow them away as you would blow your nose. Since the happiness, pleasure, and friends you gather in this life last only for a moment, put them all behind you. Since future lives last for a very long time, gather up riches to provide for the future. You will have to depart leaving everything behind, so do not be attached to anything. Generate compassion for lowly beings, and especially avoid despising or humiliating them. Have no hatred for enemies, and no attachment for friends. Do not be jealous of others’ good qualities, but out of admiration adopt them yourself. Do not look for faults in others, but look for faults in yourself, and purge them like bad blood. Do not contemplate your own good qualities, but contemplate the good qualities of others, and respect everyone as a servant would.See all living beings as your father or mother, and love them as if you were their child.Always keep a smiling face and a loving mind, and speak truthfully without malice. If you talk too much with little meaning you will make mistakes, therefore speak in moderation, only when necessary. If you engage in many meaningless activities your virtuous activities will degenerate, therefore stop activities that are not spiritual. It is completely meaningless to put effort into activities that have no essence. If the things you desire do not come it is due to karma created long ago, therefore keep a happy and relaxed mind. Beware, offending a holy being is worse than dying, therefore be honest and straightforward. Since all the happiness and suffering of this life arise from previous actions, do not blame others. All happiness comes from the blessings of your Spiritual Guide, therefore always repay his kindness. Since you cannot tame the minds of others until you have tamed your own, begin by taming your own mind. Since you will definitely have to depart without the wealth you have accumulated, do not accumulate negativity for the sake of wealth. Distracting enjoyments have no essence, therefore sincerely practice giving. Always keep pure moral discipline for it leads to beauty in this life and happiness hereafter. Since hatred is rife in these impure times, don the armour of patience, free from anger. You remain in samsara through the power of laziness, therefore ignite the fire of the effort of application. Since this human life is wasted by indulging in distractions, now is the time to practice concentration. Being under the influence of wrong views you do not realize the ultimate nature of things, therefore investigate correct meanings. Friends, there is no happiness in this swamp of samsara, so move to the firm ground of liberation. Meditate according to the advice of your Spiritual Guide and dry up the river of samsaric suffering. You should consider this well because it is not just words from the mouth, but sincere advice from the heart. If you practice like this you will delight me, and you will bring happiness to yourself and others.I who am ignorant request you to take this advice to heart.

This is the advice that the holy being Venerable Atisha gave to Venerable Jangchub Ö.”

Translation by Geshe Kelsang Gyatso.


மகான் ஸ்ரீ குருலிங்க சுவாமிகள் – Guruji Sundar

ஆன்ம பாதையில் மழலையாக வந்த என்னை இளைஞனாக மாற்றி என்னை முழுமை என்னும் பாதைக்கு அழைத்து செல்லும் தந்தையே, நான் தெரியாமல் பல தவறுகள் செய்தாலும், அகம்பாவம் என்னும் மமதையில் அலைந்து திரிந்தாலும், உடனுக்குடன் என் மமதையை அடக்கி நான் என்ற செருக்கையும் களைந்து உன் காலடியில் விழ வைத்த அருமை தந்தையே !! நான் எங்கு சென்றாலும், என்னை நிழல் போல தொடர்ந்து என்னையும் என் சுற்றத்தையும் காத்து அரவணைக்கும் தந்தையே !!

நான் எனதருமை தந்தையை இழந்த போது, மாயை என்ற திரையை விலக்கி காட்டி, என்னை ஒரு துளி கூட, கண் கலங்காமல், என் தந்தையை கரை சேர்க்க வைத்த அருட் தந்தையே, நான் தெரிந்தும், தெரியாமலும், யாருக்கும் ஒரு தவறையும் இழைக்காமல், என்னை காப்பாயாக.

எண்ணத்தாலும் சொல்லாலும் செயலாலும் ஒரு தீங்கையும் இழைக்காமல் என்னை காப்பீர்களாக!!!

Jagadguru Shri Chandrasekarendra Saraswathi Swamigal aka Mahaperiyava

Kanchi Mahaan

His Holiness Jagadguru Shankaracharya Shri Chandrashekarendra Saraswati Swamigal or the Sage of Kanchi was an Indian Saint. He is usually referred to as Nadamadum Deivam (The walking God), Sage of Kanchi, Maha Periyaval or Paramacharya.

Early life

Swaminathan (Purvashram name of His Holiness) was born on 20 May 1894, under Anuradha star according to the Hindu calendar, into a Kannadiga Smartha family in Viluppuram, South Arcot District, Tamil Nadu. He was the second son of Subramaniya Sastrigal, a District Education Officer. The child was named Swaminathan, after the family deity, Lord Swaminatha of Swamimalai, near Kumbakonam. Swaminathan began his early education at the Arcot American Mission High School at Tindivanam, where his father was working. He was an exceptional student and excelled in several subjects. He won a prize for his proficiency in the recitation of the “Holy Bible”. In 1905, his parents performed his Upanayanam, a Vedic ceremony which qualifies a Brahmin boy to begin his Vedic studies under an accomplished teacher.

Incidents leading to Sainthood

During the childhood of the Acharya, his father consulted an astrologer who, upon studying the boy’s horoscope, is said to have been so stunned that he prostrated himself before the boy exclaiming that “One day the whole world will fall at his feet.”[citation needed] In 1906, the 66th Acharya of Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham performed the annual Chaturmasyam (a forty-day annual ritual performed by Hindu ascetics while remaining in one place), in a village near Tindivanam in Tamil Nadu. This was Swaminathan’s first exposure to the Math and its Acharya. Later, Swaminathan accompanied his father whenever he visited the Math where the Acharya was deeply impressed by the young boy.

In the first week of February 1907, the Kanchi Kamakoti Math had informed Subramanya Sastrigal that Swaminathan’s first cousin (son of his mother’s sister) was to be installed as the 67th Peetathipathi. The presiding Acharya was then suffering from smallpox and had the premonition that he might not live long. He had, therefore, administered upadesa to his disciple Lakshminathan before he died. Sastrigal being away in Trichinopoly on duty arranged for the departure of Swaminathan with his mother to Kanchipuram. The boy and his mother started for Kalavai (where Lakshminathan was camping) to console his aunt who, while also being a widow, had just given up her only son to be an ascetic. They travelled by train to Kanchipuram and halted at the Sankara Math. By then, Lakshminathan had fallen ill:

In the words of His Holiness:

I had a bath at the Kumara Koshta Tirtha. A carriage of the Math had come there from Kalavai with the people to buy articles for the Maha Puja on the tenth day of the passing of the previous 66th Acharya. One of them, a hereditary maistry (mason) of the Math, asked me to accompany him. A separate cart was engaged for the rest of the family to follow me. During the journey the maistry hinted to me that I might not return home and that the rest of my life might be spent in the Math itself. At first I thought that my elder cousin having become the Head of the Math, it was his wish that I should live with him. But the maistry gradually clarified matters as the cart rolled on. The acharya had fever which developed into delirium and that was why I was being separated from the family to be taken to Kalavai… I was stunned by this unexpected turn of events. I lay in a kneeling posture in the cart, shocked as I was, repeating “Rama… Rama,” the only prayer I knew. My mother and other children came some time later only to find that instead of her mission of consoling her sister, she herself was placed in the state of having to be consoled.

—T.M.P. Mahadevan, The Sage of Kanchi

The 67th Acharya also died, after reigning for a brief seven days as the head of the Math. Swaminathan was immediately installed as the 68th head of the Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam on February 13, 1907, the second day of the Tamil month of Masi, Prabhava year. He was given Sanyasa Asramam at the early age of 13 and was named Chandrasekharendra Saraswati. On May 9, 1907 his “Pattabishegam” as the 68th Peetathipathi of Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam was performed at the Kumbakonam Math. Devotees including Shivaji Maharaja of Tanjore, government officials and pundits participated in the event.

Even though there was not enough property in the mutt to be administered, the court considering the benefit of the mutt, ordered the mutt to be administered under the “Guardian and Wards Act”. Sri C.H.Venkataramana Iyer, an illustrious personality from Kolinjivadi (Colinjivadi) village near Coimbatore was appointed as guardian by the court. The administration of the mutt was under guardianship from 1911 to May,1915. On the day of Sankara Jayanthi in the year 1915, Swamigal took over the administration of the mutt on the completion of his 21st year. The administration of the mutt was taken over in name, but the actual work was taken care of by an agent, one Sri Pasupathi Iyer. He was an able administrator who volunteered to do the job without compensation and hailed from Thirupathiripuliyur. Swamigal does not sign any document, instead Sri Mukham stamp is placed on documents.

Jagadguru Sri Chandrashekarendra Saraswati spent several years in the study of the scriptures and dharma shastras and acquainted himself with his role as the Head of the Math. He soon gained the reverence and respect of the devotees and people around him. To millions of devotees he was simply “Periyava” — the revered one or Maha-Periyava. “Periyava” in Tamil means a great person, and conveys endearment, reverence, and devotion. “Mahaswami” and “Paramacharya” are his other well-known appellations.

Jagadguru Sri Chandrashekarendra Saraswati was the head of the Mutt for eighty-seven years. During this period, the Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Pitam acquired new strength as an institution that propagated Śankara’s teachings. The devotion, fervour, and intensity with which the Paramacharya practiced what Śankara had taught are considered to be unparalleled by his devotees. Throughout his life, the focus of his concern and activities was rejuvenating Veda adhyayana, the Dharma Sasthras, and the age-old tradition, which had suffered decline. “Veda rakshanam” was his very life breath, and he referred to this in most of his talks.

Remaining active throughout his life, the sage of Kanchi twice undertook pilgrimages on foot from Rameshwaram in the far south of the Indian peninsula to Benares in the North.

Providing support through Veda Patashalas (schools teaching Vedic lore) through the Veda Rakshana Nidhi which he founded and honouring Vedic scholars, he reinvigorated Vedic studies in India. He organised regular sabhas (‘conferences’) which included discussions on arts and culture — these led to a renewed interest in Vedic religion, Dharma sasthras, and the Sanskrit language. His long tenure as Pitadhipathi is considered by many to have been the Golden Era of the Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham. He attained samadhi on January 8, 1994 and was succeeded by H.H.Sri Jayendra Saraswati.


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